Water Distribution and Ground Storage Improvements

When the City of Hico experienced widespread water pressure issues, KSA was engaged to conduct a water distribution system report to pinpoint the problem areas and propose the best methods to improve their distribution system. 

Using a hydraulic water model, KSA evaluated the city’s water system closely to ultimately recommend replacing water transmission lines in various locations, properly reconfiguring pressure-reducing valves and replacing their ground storage tank. These improvements were funded by the Texas Water Development Board’s Drinking Water State Revolving Fund (DWSRF) program. KSA coordinated the submission that secured over $1.5M in loan forgiveness for the $3M improvement project. After the report, KSA was hired to design, procure and oversee the construction of 13,200 linear feet of water line replacement, the construction of a 500,000 gallon ground storage tank and the replacement of automatic meter reading technology (AMR). The water line replacements were primarily along city streets. A directional bore was used to create several deep creek crossings, while a cased bore was used to cross Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) roadways. 

Both the water line replacement and the ground storage stank were completed well under the planned budget, so additional waterlines were added to the project. Nine vintage pressure reducing valves were removed from the system and replaced with two, modern main line pressure reducing valves. 

Construction was challenging due to the significant amount of limestone encountered at the project site, but the construction team was able to work despite these conditions. The project was completed successfully and the City of Hico now has a more efficient water distribution system for its businesses and residents.


Civil Engineering


Grayson Cox, P.E. - Project Manager
Alan Draper, P.E. - Principal-in-Charge


City of Hico


Michael Leamons, City Administrator


Start: January 2014
End: August 2015

Cost: $2.4M
Start: June 2015
End: April 2016

13,200 linear feet of water line replacement
500,000-gallon ground storage tank 
670 AMR meters